the koRA

The kora is a classical instrument of West African jalis (griots), the historical keepers of oral tradition and praise songs. The kora is often accompanied by singing and percussion. The unforgettable music is soothing, almost hypnotic, and is said to have very real curative properties.

The kora’s body is made from a calabash gourd cut in half and partially covered with cow hide. Traditionally there are twenty-one strings plucked by the thumb and forefinger of each hand. The remaining fingers grip the two vertical hand posts. For the strings, players use nylon fishing line, which provides a brilliant tone and is easily obtained at the local markets. Twenty-one anchor strings attach the playing strings to an iron ring bored through the base of the kora’s hardwood neck. The player tunes the kora by moving leather rings on the neck to provide the appropriate tension on each string. More recently built koras often have guitar tuning machine heads. Kora players use a variety of tunings.

On Africa Moo Baalu, Sousou and Maher play 22-string koras in the Casamance (southern Senegalese) style, giving the instrument a distinctive timbre. They use three different tunings: sillaba, sauta and for the first time, the more heavy and serious tomora.